Turkey's 'other' city may not have any showy Ottoman palaces or regal facades but Ankara thrums to a vivacious, youthful beat unmarred by the tug of history. Drawing comparisons with İstanbul is pointless – the flat, modest surroundings are hardly the stuff of national poetry – but the civic success of this dynamic and intellectual city is assured thanks to student panache and foreign-embassy intrigue.
The country's capital is today's sophisticated arena for international affairs. While the dynamic street-life is enough of a reason to visit, Ankara also boasts two extraordinary monuments central to the Turkish story – the beautifully conceived Museum of Anatolian Civilisations and the Anıt Kabir, a colossal tribute to Atatürk, modern Turkey's founder.
Briefly, the history of Ankara and its surroundings stretches back to the Hatti civilisation of the Bronze Age. Two thousand years before the time of Jesus, the Hittites become the dominant power of the region, and were then followed by the Phyrgians, Lydians and Persians. In the 3rd Century BC, a Celtic race known as the Galatians made Ankara their capital city. The name Ankara comes from the word 'Ancyra', which means 'anchor.' Ankara gained prominence under the leadership of Ataturk during the national resistence which followed World War I. It was declared the capital of the new Turkish Republic on October 13th 1923 when the National War of Independence freed Turkey from foreign occupation. Occupying one of the most prominent parts of the city is Anitkabir, the magnificent mausoleum constructed to commemorate Atatürk. This structure, which was completed in 1953, is a synthesis of antique and modern architectural themes, and proves the elegance and strength of Turkish architecture.
I stayed there 2 nights and was very happy with the quality of the rooms are big enough and as I only spent only time to sleep. Great value for the price. Staff is friendly and the breakfast is great. I highlt recommend this hotel for a pleasant stay in Adana. We were so happy with Ibis that we also choised Ibis in Gaziantep also for the next leg of our trip and we were very happy too. Sleeping quality: As the city is under construction with big projects around the city and as they were working also at night, my sleep was disturbed was it wasn't because of the hotel. Tourism: The only tyhing I would suggest them to raise the quality of their service is about tourism: this is a general problem in Turkey, the staff don't know much about museums, historical sites. They should be able to say which museums are open or in renovation or how far are Anavarza ruins for example.
The castle of Amouda ( Turkish : Hemite Kalesi or Amuda Kalesi ) is a Crusader castle, formerly in the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia , and today in the Turkish Province of Osmaniye .  The castle was deeded by the Armenian king Levon I to the Teutonic Knights in 1212 (Barber 2008) and rebuilt by them in the 13th century. It earned revenue for the Teutonic Order from the surrounding land. According to contemporary sources, the castle provided shelter for 2,200 people during the invasion by the Mamluks in 1266.